In some Indian states, stamp duty is not payable on a document through which a property has been transferred in favour of a blood relative. (Photo: iStock) – Source: Livemint

The Private Client team at Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas shares their comments and opinions shared in an article in the  following Q&A which was published by the Mint Newspaper on 3rd and the online edition of the same can be found at: https://www.livemint.com/money/personal-finance/gifts-deeds-are-not-reversible-so-the-giver-can-t-get-back-the-rights-11583220828729.html

My mother and I co-own a residential property in Mumbai. She has decided to transfer her share of the property to my name. Should we prepare a gift deed or a relinquishment or release deed to execute this transfer? The property has been mortgaged to a bank, but I have obtained a no-objection certificate (NOC) for the transfer. Will I also have to ask the housing society in which the property is located to transfer the share certificate to my name? Can I include a clause in the deed to ensure that if I am survived by my mother, the rights will be transferred back to her upon my death?

—Chirag


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 Legal Heirs Preferred Over Nominees - Court Decision

The issue of legatees vs. nominees still seems to be causing confusion in the minds of the public. Even after a number of clear judicial decisions on this topic, confirming that legal heirs are the correct persons to inherit assets (over that of a nominee), a new decision re-confirms this issue.

The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal, New Delhi (“NCLAT”), on November 14th, 2019 had held that nomination does not amount to beneficial ownership to an asset and the nominee holds the asset for and on behalf of the legal heirs of the deceased. The Bench of Justice S.J. Mukhopadhyaya and Justice A.I.S. Cheema, in the case of Oswal Greentech v Mr Pankaj Oswal and Ors[1] (“Oswal”) whilst listening to the question of maintainability of the petition under Section 241-242 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“Act”), decided on the said matter.
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